Editor of the new book London 2012 How Was It For Us? Mark Perryman argues why the Left should take sport seriously.
course how fast an individual can run, how far they can chuck an object, how
high they can jump hardly matters at all in the greater scheme of global
justice and human rights. But that isn’t what is being claimed on behalf of
sport here. Rather it is the grand emotional narrative sport can help
construct, arguably in the early twenty-first century more effectively and more
internationally, than any single other cultural pursuit. Apart from the most
miserabalist, or socially isolated, section of the Left that is surely
something we can all agree upon, whether we like it or not. With the possible
exception of web 2.0. no other cultural form comes close to sport in terms of
its global appeal. But then who apart from the geekiest of the Geeks is going
to cheer on Apple vs Microsoft in the way millions cheered on London 2012’s
Super Saturday of Grandstanding athletics.
is a certain version of one-dimensional Marxism that can on occasion decry
anything meaningful to be derived from the masses’ enjoyment of sport. It’s as
if those of us who do the cheering have handed in any consciousness we might
have at the turnstiles, or those of us who do the training leave the same at
the bottom of the changing room locker along with the smelly socks and
half-eaten energy bars. Before the Games were even over the Socialist Workers
Party in their Party Notes for members declared :
“Whatever brief effect the Olympics have, it won’t last.
Team GB medals won’t be much of a consolation when news of crisis, cuts, job
losses and pay curbs return to the front of people’s consciousness. And the ‘we
are now all multiculturalists’ line peddled by the Sun (!) etc will soon look
ridiculous as scapegoating and whipping up of division returns. Meanwhile, struggle continues. See below for this week’s strikes
for a more sophisticated variant, Marc Perelman’s short book Barbaric Sport: A Global
Plague. “In the pestilential environment oozing out of sport, the question
arises: what can critical theory come up with today against sport now it has
become the visible face of every society? The only possible critical response
is a firm assertion: there should be no sport.” This is a pseudo-radicalism of
do-nothingness, of disengagement with the popular for fear of getting
ideological hands dirty. It creates a vacuum, which others of a reactionary,
and worst, bent, will fill with greedy readiness. Keeping politics out of
sport, the pastime will remain unchanged, for the worse.
in the 1980s the Bennite Left was a transformative force within Labour. Allied
to a new version of municipal socialism, Ken Livingstone’s Greater London
Council in particular, a politics began to take shape on Labour’s fringes that
sought to take popular culture seriously , including sport. Garry Whannel was
one of those who at the time set out the reasons. In his pioneering book, Blowing the Whistle, Garry suggested a
five point manifesto.
the need to take all aspects of social life seriously, especially popular
cultural forms like sport.
recognise that sport contributes to the way people see the world, engage and
physical well-being, health and fitness are important to human development.
Socialism should be a way of making a healthier life possible for all.
play in some form will be an important element of a more fulfilling society.
leisure will become an increasingly politicised issue, battles will be fought
over who has leisure time, how it is spent and how it is provided for.
set out the context he and others were up against: “Sport is marked down as a
natural, taken-for-granted activity. You don’t need to talk or write about it.
You just do it.”
pressure from within the Left to take popular culture seriously could be traced
back to the First
New Left. One of the figures most closely identified with this period,
Stuart Hall, set out in an autobiographical essay why such a focus was so
because it was in the cultural and ideological domain that social change
appeared to be making itself most dramatically visible. Second, because the
cultural dimension seemed to us not a secondary, but a constitutive dimension
of society. Third, because the discourse of culture seemed to us fundamentally
necessary to any language in which socialism could be described.”
offered this position as representing a fundamental challenge to how politics
was traditionally defined, by Left and Right alike.
these different ways the New Left launched an assault on the narrow definition
of ‘politics’ and tried to project in its place an ‘expanded definition of the
political.’ The logic implied by our
position was that these ‘hidden dimension’ had to be represented within the
discourses of ‘the political’ and that ordinary people could and should organise
where they were, around issues of immediate experience; begin to articulate
their dissatisfactions in an existential language and build an agitation from
was an analysis that Hall translated into a programme of political action governed
by “a recognition of the proliferation of the potential sites of social
conflict and the constituencies for change.” In the mid to late 1950s this was
truly groundbreaking stuff, leading directly to the emergence of Cultural
Studies as an academic discipline. By the mid-1980s the kind of politics Hall
was proposing was being applied in a wide variety of ways, one of which was via
the kind of writing on sport Garry Whannel and others were beginning to develop
and popularise. Collaborating with his co-editor, fellow academic Alan
Tomlinson, in 1984 Garry co-edited the collection, Five Ring Circus, a critique by a diverse group of left-wing
writers and activists of the forthcoming Los Angeles Olympics, widely
recognised as the Games which accelerated the process of commercialisation into
all that the Olympics have now become.
reading Hall’s prescriptions and Whannel’s analysis, makes the modern
disconnect in Left politics very clear. The remaking of the political that in
their different ways Garry and Stuart both advocated has become almost entirely
marginalised. The radical modernisation of the Left that by the mid-1980s their
position began to represent was replaced by the conservative modernisation of
Blairite Labour from the mid-1990s onwards. Neo-Liberalism rules, free-market
globalisation treated as if it was a force of nature, the managerial and the
technocratic the only way things could be run, focus groups replacing any kind
of model of change from below. What this amounted to was the privatisation of
idealism, arguably new Labour’s most profound achievement, ending any hope that
for things to get better they needed to be different too. Instead we are left
with a rising popular disengagement with all that the Westminster bubble represents.
year on from London 2012 the failure to fulfil the three core pledges is
obvious. No sustainable jobs increase, no socio-economic transformation of
London’s East End and perhaps most damning of all next to no significant
increase in levels of participation in sport. In reviewing these failures a
serious Left needs to combine critique with an understanding of what a better
sport culture would look like. This requires an appreciation that while sport
is socially constructed at the same time it has a liberatory potential,
leisure, recreation and participation a vital part of any good society and that
the corporate domination of sport for many is their most vivid and meaningful
experience of commodification. London 2012’s legacy for the Left? A recognition
that for some of us, sport is
2012 How Was It For Us
is published by Lawrence & Wishart.
Contributors include Mark Steel, Zoe Williams, Billy Bragg, Suzanne Moore, David
Renton, Yasmin Alibhai-Brown and others. Available as a pre-publication,
exclusive Mark Steel signed edition, £2 off, just £12.99, and post-free from here.